Nakhchivan Agreement

Pachinjan called the agreement “terribly painful for me and our people,” while Aliyev said it boils down to a “capitulation” of Armenia. More importantly, Turkey has obtained a land corridor to the Azerbaijani enclave of Nakhchivan. The provision of the document is: “Armenia guarantees the security of the links … for an unimpeded movement of citizens, vehicles and goods in both directions” between mainland Azerbaijan and the enclave of Nakhchivan, separated by Armenian territory. In addition, “transportation control is exercised by the border service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation. The parties will agree to build new transport links between the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and the western regions of Azerbaijan. The recent agreement did not mention the status of the Nagorno-Karabakh regions, populated by Armenia, or the format of future negotiations to resolve the conflict. However, in mid-June 1919, Armenia succeeded in establishing control of Nakhchivan and the entire territory of the self-proclaimed Republic. The fall of the Republic of Macaws caused an invasion by the Azerbaijani regular army and, at the end of July, Armenian troops were forced to leave the Azeris town of Nakhchivan. [52] New outbreaks of violence took place, killing about 10,000 Armenians and destroying 45 Armenian villages.

Meanwhile, in mid-1919, the British decided to withdraw from the area because they were unable to maintain control of the area because they were unable to maintain control of the area. [54] However, fighting between Armenians and Azeris continued and, after a series of skirmishes throughout Nakhchivan district, a ceasefire agreement was reached. However, the ceasefire lasted only a short time and, in early March 1920, further fighting broke out, notably in Karabakh between the Karabakh Armenians and the Azerbaijani regular army. This has triggered conflicts in other mixed-population areas, including Nakhchivan. Aliyev said Turkey`s main ally would also be involved in peacekeeping efforts, but that he had not been mentioned in the agreement. The 2020 Karabakh War ended with a major diplomatic success by Russia on 9 November, with the signing of a tripartite agreement between Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia. The seven surrounding areas were to be repatriated to Baku, while Russian peacekeepers were sorting through the security of the cut-off Nagorno-Karabakh.