To contribute to the goals of the agreement, countries presented comprehensive national climate change plans (national fixed contributions, NDC). These are not yet sufficient to meet the agreed temperature targets, but the agreement points to the way forward for further measures. The EU and its member states are among the nearly 190 parties to the Paris Agreement. The EU formally ratified the agreement on 5 October 2016, allowing it to enter into force on 4 November 2016. In order for the agreement to enter into force, at least 55 countries representing at least 55% of global emissions had to file their ratification instruments. It will also enable the contracting parties to gradually strengthen their contributions to the fight against climate change in order to achieve the long-term objectives of the agreement. The Paris Agreement is the first legally binding universal global agreement on climate change adopted at the Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21) in December 2015. The authors argue that improving transparency and understanding these links, gaps and potential conflicts can facilitate policy coherence and influence the ambitious implementation of the two agendas between different stakeholders, including governments and wider societies. The agreement recognizes the role of non-partisan stakeholders in the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. The Paris Agreement and the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development are both universally accepted political visions, which mark a paradigm shift: from a top-down approach, from international mandates to a bottom-up process, from a country-centred implementation process. However, the limited interaction between the processes of the two agendas, both globally and nationally, may hinder their effective implementation.
In addition, aggregate analyses are lacking to improve understanding of potential overlaps, gaps and conflicts between the main instruments for implementing the two agreements, the NCCs and the SDGs. These analyses are essential to improve the political coherence of plans and strategies and improve the effectiveness of the implementation of both agendas. This document is intended to fill this gap. The EU`s national contribution to the Paris Agreement is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990, as part of its broader climate and energy framework by 2030. All the main EU legislation to achieve this goal has been adopted by the end of 2018. Once this course is successfully completed, participants will be able to: the Katowice package adopted at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP24) in December 2018 contains common and detailed rules, procedures and guidelines that carry the Paris Agreement. On 28 March, a high-level meeting on climate change for all is expected to provide a “bridge” between the Katowice climate change conference, the in-depth review of SDG 13 by the High-Level Policy Forum on Sustainable Development 2019 (FNT) and the UN Secretary-General`s climate summit in 2019. Certificates of participation are issued subject to the completion of all quiz modules and questions, successful presentation of exercises and tasks, as well as full participation in all live online sessions and discussion forums for each topic of the course. The webinars of this course, led by a course, take place every week between 14:00 and 16:00, Eastern European time, or from 8am to 10am EST. These live sessions are organized on the WebEx platform with free paid numbers and/or the ability to connect via the Internet for the audio component; no specific software is required.